As we know that Diabetes and Blood pressure are brothers and sisters. Quiet often I tell to my patients that Diabetes and blood pressure are best friends to each other.
If you control the diabetes properly, the Blood Pressure will be far away from us. Below article answers the common question what my patients comes with always – Does person with diabetes will get blood pressure?
A person with diabetes either does not have enough insulin to process glucose or their insulin does not work effectively. Insulin is the hormone that enables the body to process glucose from food and use it as energy.
As a result of insulin problems, glucose cannot enter the cells to provide energy, and it accumulates in the bloodstream instead.
As blood with high glucose levels travels through the body, it can cause widespread damage, including to the blood vessels and kidneys. These organs play a key role in maintaining healthy blood pressure. If they experience damage, blood pressure can rise, increasing the risk of further harm and complications.
High blood pressure (hypertension) can lead to many complications of diabetes, including diabetic eye disease and kidney disease, or make them worse. Most people with diabetes will eventually have high blood pressure, along with other heart and circulation problems.
Diabetes damages arteries and makes them targets for hardening, called atherosclerosis. That can cause high blood pressure, which if not treated, can lead to trouble including blood vessel damage, heart attack, and kidney failure.
Compared to those with normal blood pressure readings, people with hypertension more often have:
• Coronary artery disease or heart disease
• Peripheral vascular disease, hardening of the arteries in the legs and feet
• Heart failure
Even blood pressure that’s at the higher end of normal (120/80 to 129/80), called elevated, impacts your health. Studies show that you have a two to three times greater chance of getting heart disease over 10 years.
What Should Your Blood Pressure Be?
Readings vary, but most people with diabetes should have a blood pressure of no more than 130/80.
The American Heart Association (AHA) stress that most of the time there are no symptoms.
People usually find out they have high blood pressure when a doctor takes a blood pressure reading, or they take one themselves at home.
The reading will give two numbers:
The systolic is the top number
The diastolic is the bottom number
According to the AHA, the results will be one of the following:
• Normal: Systolic below 120 and diastolic below 80
• Elevated: Systolic 120–129 and diastolic under 80
• Hypertension stage 1: Systolic 130–139 and diastolic 80–89
• Hypertension stage 2: Systolic 140-plus and diastolic 90 or more
• Hypertensive crisis: Systolic higher than 180 and diastolic above 120.
A hypertensive crisis means that the individual needs to see a doctor immediately.
When it comes to preventing diabetes complications, normal blood pressure is as important as good control of your blood sugar levels.
Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
Usually, high blood pressure has no symptoms. That’s why you need to check your blood pressure regularly. Your doctor will probably measure it at every visit, and you may need to check it at home, too.
What Can You Do?
Many of the things you do for your diabetes will also help with high blood pressure:
• Control your blood sugar.
• Stop smoking.
• Eat healthy.
• Exercise most days.
• Keep your weight in a healthy range.
• Don’t drink a lot of alcohol.
• Limit how much salt you eat.
• Visit your doctor regularly.
Most doctors use ACE inhibitors (angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors) and ARBs (angiotensin II receptor blockers) first. Although other medications treat high blood pressure, these also prevent or slow kidney disease in people with diabetes.
Some blood pressure drugs may make your blood sugar and lipid levels worse..